Penjelasan Lengkap Materi dan Contoh Soal Report Text Bahasa Inggris

Penjelasan Lengkap Materi dan Contoh Soal Report Text Bahasa Inggris – Dalam Bahasa Inggris terdapat beberapa jenis genre teks, salah satunya adalah report text. Faktanya, kita seringkali mendengar atau membaca report text baik secara langsung maupun tidak langsung.

Misalnya, Ketika seseorang memberikan informasi fakta tentang sesuatu hal, dan sebagainya.

Nah, pada perjumpaan kali ini kita akan belajar bersama-sama mengenai report text Bahasa Inggris. Pembahasan lengkap mengenai report text mencakup pengertian, generic structure, ciri-ciri, contoh.

Tidak ketinggalan juga yang paling penting adalah contoh soal latihan report text Bahasa Inggris.

Bagaimana, sudah siap untuk memulai belajar report text? Mari, segera saja kita mulai.

Cara Mudah Memahami Materi dan Contoh Soal Report Text Bahasa Inggris

materi dan contoh soal report text bahasa inggris

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Pengertian Report Text

Pengertian umum dari report text adalah sebuah genre teks yang di dalamnya memberikan informasi tentang sesuatu secara umum (generally) dan sesuai kenyataannya.

Kalau dalam Bahasa Inggris, pengertian report text adalah a text which information about something generally, as it is. It as result of systematic observation and analysis.

Jadi, selain memberikan gambaran informasi secara umum, report text juga merupakan hasil dari kegiatan observasi penelitian serta analisa sistematis.

Pengertian yang demikian sering membuat rancu untuk membedakan antara report text dan descriptive text.

Kemudian apa perbedaan antara descriptive text dengan report text?

Ingat kembali bahwa report text merupakan jenis teks yang menyajikan informasi secara umum. Sebaliknya, descriptive text menunjukkan informasi yang detail dan menyeluruh.

Kesimpulannya, untuk membedakan antara descriptive text dan report text kalian cukup mengingat sifatnya saja. Report text bersifat umum, sedangkan descriptive text bersifat khusus.

Silahkan pelajari kembali materi mengenai Descriptive Text.

Sesuai dengan sifatnya yang menunjukkan hasil penelitian atau kegiatan ilmiah, maka report text juga berisi hal-hal ilmiah yang berlangsung di sekitar kita. Sebagai contoh, fenomena alam, tata surya, hewan, tanaman, kehidupan sosial bermasyarakat, budaya, negara, transportasi, teknologi, dan lain sebagainya.

Generic Structure of Report Text

Dari struktur atau generic structure, repor text terbagi ke dalam dua susunan yang sistematis, yaitu:

Pertama, General Classification

General classification report text merupakan bagian yang berisi pernyataan tentang apa yang menjadi bahan pembahasan secara umum.

Ingat kembali sifat report text bahwa paparannya adalah secara umum.

Kedua, Description

Adapun bagian kedua adalah description of report text. Bagian ini merupakan pokok atau inti report text yang di dalamnya menjelaskan secara mendetail dari bagian general classification.

Kalian juga bisa mempelajari video materi report text di bawah ini.

Setelah mengerti dan memahami generic structure of report text, kalian juga perlu mengenali ciri-ciri report text agar bisa membedakannya dengan genre teks lain dalam Bahasa Inggris.

Ciri-ciri Report Text Bahasa Inggris

Report text memiliki ciri-ciri khusus yang membedakannya dengan jenis genre teks yang lain. Adapun ciri-ciri report text sebagai berikut.

Pertama, Kalimat yang dipergunakan dalam report text menggunakan bentuk Simple Present Tense. Kalian dapat mengingat kembali penjelasannya pada artikel Materi dan Latihan Soal Simple Present Tense.

Kedua, Report text menunjukkan gambaran aspek secara umum.

Ketiga, Paragraf dalam report text disusun menggunakan conditional logical connection atau kata-kata penghubung kondisional. Contohnya: when, so, meanwhile, dan sebagainya.

Naah.. semakin jelas bukan pemahaman kalian mengenai report text?

Di bawah ini admin akan menyajikan contoh report text. Silahkan disimak dengan sungguh-sungguh ya..

Contoh Report Text 1


A bicycle, is called a bike or cycle, is a human-powered, pedal-driven, single-track vehicle, having two wheels attached to a frame, one behind the other. A bicycle rider is called a cyclist, or bicyclist.

Bicycles were introduced in the 19th century in Europe and as of 2003, more than 1 billion have been produced worldwide, twice as many as the number of automobiles that have been produced.

materi dan contoh soal report text bahasa inggris
Group of Bicycles

They are the principal means of transportation in many regions. They also provide a popular form of recreation, and have been adapted for use as children’s toys, general fitness, military and police applications, courier services, and bicycle racing.

The basic shape and configuration of a typical upright or “safety bicycle”, has changed little since the first chain-driven model was developed around 1885.

But  many details have been improved, especially since the advent of modern materials and computer-aided design. These have allowed for a proliferation of specialized designs for many types of cycling.

The bicycle’s invention has had an enormous effect on society, both in terms of culture and of advancing modern industrial methods. Several components that eventually played a key role in the development of the automobile were initially invented for use in the bicycle, including ball bearings, pneumatic tires, chain-driven sprockets, and tension-spoked wheels.

Contoh Report Text 2


          A volcano is a mountain that opens downward to a pool of molten rock below the surface of the earth. When pressure builds up, eruptions occur. There are more than 500 active volcanoes in the world.

More than half of these volcanoes are part of the “Ring of Fire,” a region that encircles the Pacific Ocean.

materi report text bahasa inggris
Volcano’s Eruption

An erupting volcano can trigger tsunamis, flash floods, earthquakes, mudflows and rockfalls. In an eruption, gases and rock shoot up through the opening and spill over or fill the air with lava fragments.

Eruptions can cause lava flows, hot ash flows, mudslides, avalanches, falling ash and floods. Fresh volcanic ash, made of pulverized rock, can be harsh, acidic, gritty, glassy and smelly. The ash can cause damage to the lungs of older people, babies and people with respiratory problems.

However, the sound of an eruption volcano can be quiet and hissing or explosive and booming. The loud cracks travel hundreds of miles and do the most damage, including hearing loss and broken glass.

Volcanic lightning occurs mostly within the cloud of ash during an eruption, and is created by the friction of the ash rushing to the surface. Roughly 200 accounts of this lightning have been witnessed live.

Contoh Report Text 3


Eagles are large, powerfully built birds of prey, with a heavy head and beak. Even the smallest eagles, like the booted eagle (Aquila pennata) (which is comparable in size to a common buzzard (Buteo buteo) or red-tailed hawk (B. jamaicensis)), have relatively longer and more evenly broad wings, and more direct, faster flight – despite the reduced size of aerodynamic feathers.

materi report text dan contoh soalnya

Most eagles are larger than any other raptors apart from some vultures. The smallest species of eagle is the South Nicobar serpent eagle (Spilornis klossi), at 450 g (0.99 lb) and 40 cm (16 in). The largest species are discussed below.

Like all birds of prey, eagles have very large hooked beaks for ripping flesh from their prey, strong muscular legs, and powerful talons.

The beak is typically heavier than that of most other birds of prey.

Eagles’ eyes are extremely powerful, having up to 3.6 times human acuity for the martial eagle, which enables them to spot potential prey from a very long distance.

This keen eyesight is primarily attributed to their extremely large pupils which ensure minimal diffraction (scattering) of the incoming light. The female of all known species of eagles is larger than the male.

Contoh Soal tentang Report Text

Sekarang, mari kita berlatih mengerjakan contoh soal report text.

Read the following text and answer the questions!


Antibiotic is kind of compounds both natural and synthetic, which has function to press or stop a process of organism’s growth, particularly bacteria. It is used to treat bacterial infections and used as a tool for genetic engineering in biotechnology. Antibiotic works as pesticides by pressing or break the chain of bacteria’s metabolism. Nevertheless, antibiotic is different with disinfectant in the process to kills bacteria. Disinfectant kills bacteria by creating an unnatural environment for germs to live.

In terms of treatment, antibiotics dubbed as “magic bullet “because antibiotic kills instantly without injuring its sufferers. Although antibiotic is good for medication, it is not effective in handling infection caused by viruses, fungi, or other nonbacterial.

Antibiotic has diverse types based on their effectiveness against bacteria. There are antibiotics that target gram- negative or gram- positive bacteria and some antibiotic has wider spectrum. The effectiveness depends on location of the infection and the ability of antibiotic to reach location of the infection. Based on how to use, antibiotics are divided into two that are oral antibiotics and antibiotic intradermal. An oral antibiotic is used by mouth while antibiotic intradermal used through anus. Intradermal antibiotic is used for serious cases.

Soal No. 1

What is the best title for the text above?

A. how antibiotic is work

B. the invention of antibiotic

C. antibiotic

D. kinds of antibiotic

Correct Answer is C.

Soal No. 2

Which one is not true?

A. antibiotic is used to treat bacterial infections

B. antibiotic is not same with disinfectant

C. antibiotic kills instantly without injuring its suffers

D. antibiotic is effective in handling infection caused by viruses

Correct Answer is C.

Soal No. 3

In terms of treatment, antibiotics dubbed as “magic bullet “…. (Paragraph2)

The underline word close in meaning to….

A. work

B. seen

C. say

D. call

Correct Answer is D.

Soal No. 4

What is the purpose of the text above?

A. to inform about antibiotic

B. to describe about antibiotic

C. to inform about disinfectant

D. to describe about antibiotic

Correct Answer is A.

Soal No. 5

What is the main idea of the second paragraph?

A. antibiotic is a compound

B. antibiotic is good for medication

C. antibiotic is not good for fungi

D. antibiotic kill without injuring its suffers

Correct Answer is B.

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Bagi Anda yang ingin memperoleh lebih banyak lagi soal report text Bahasa Inggris, dapat mengunduhnya pada tautan ini.

Cukup sekian pembahasan materi report text Bahasa Inggris dan contoh soalnya pada kesempatan ini. Semoga dapat membantu Anda semua dalam belajar Bahasa Inggris, khususnya terkait materi report text.

Selamat belajar, semoga sukses.

Thank you.

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